Applied Human Sciences Research Guide

APA Citation Elements

APA stands for American Psychological Association. Here are some quick tips for using APA style and some examples of common APA article formats. If you need more extensive help, please check out the "APA Style" box to the left. Personal assistance can be found either at the Noel Studio or by using our Ask Us chat reference service.

One Author with a DOI:

Nordhaus, W. D. (2011). The architecture of climate economics: Designing a global agreement on global warming. Bulletin Of The Atomic Scientists67(1), 9-18. doi:10.1177/0096340210392964

Multiple Authors Without a DOI (Print or Electronic):

Hall, A., & Manabe, S. (1999). The role of water vapor feedback in unperturbed climate variability and global warming. Journal of Climate12(8), 2327.

Article from an Online Periodical:

(This is an article found on a website, which is different from locating an article in one of our library databases.)

Kaser, G., & Mote, P. W. (2007). The shrinking glaciers of Kilimanjaro: Can global warming be blamed? American Scientist, 95(4). Retrieved from

The acronym DOI might be new or confusing for some. New versions of some citation styles now take into account whether or not a DOI is given for a particular article. Here is a definition of DOI from the International DOI Foundation:

"The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) System is for identifying content objects in the digital environment. DOI names are assigned to any entity for use on digital networks. They are used to provide current information, including where they (or information about them) can be found on the Internet. Information about a digital object may change over time, including where to find it, but its DOI name will not change."

Here's an example of where you can locate the DOI for an article in Academic Search Complete:

Help Citing in APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Still Need Help with APA?

Schedule a Consultation with the Noel Studio

Persistent Linking