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APA 7th Edition Style Guide

Help with using the APA 7th edition

Overview of changes between 6th and 7th editions

Paper Format

  • More font flexibility (Sec. 2.9, p. 44)
    Font options include Calibri 11, Arial 11, Lucida Sans Unicode 10, Times New Roman 12, and Georgia 11 (Sec. 2.9, p. 44)
  • Running head (Sec. 2.8, p. 37)
    The running head is not required for student papers unless requested by your instructor
  • Space after a period (Sec. 6.1, p. 154)
    Use one space after a period unless otherwise directed
  • Updated heading styles
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References and In-text Citations

  • In-text citation of a work by three or more authors - list only the first author followed by “et al.” for all instances of the in-text citation (Sec. 8.17, p. 266)
    6th: (Taylor, Kotler, Johnson, & Parker, 2018)
    7th:  (Taylor et al., 2018)
     
  • The reference section lists up to 20 authors for a single work (Sec. 9.8, p. 286)
    6th:  Miller, T. C., Brown, M. J., Wilson, G. L., Evans, B. B., Kelly, R. S., Turner, S. T., … Lee, L. H. (2018).
    7th:   Miller, T. C., Brown, M. J., Wilson, G. L., Evans, B. B., Kelly, R. S., Turner, S. T., Lewis, F., Lee, L. H., Cox, G., Harris, H. L., Martin, P., Gonzalez, W. L., Hughes, W., Carter, D., Campbell, C., Baker, A. B., Flores, T., Gray, W. E., Green, G., … Nelson, T. P. (2018).
     
  • Book references omit publisher location (Sec. 9.29, p. 295)
    6th:  Covey, S. R. (2013). The 7 habits of highly effective people: Powerful lessons in personal change. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.
    7th:  Covey, S. R. (2013). The 7 habits of highly effective people: Powerful lessons in personal change. Simon & Schuster.
     
  • Website URLs no long require “Retrieved from” unless a retrieval date is needed. Web page title is italicized. (Sec. 9.16, p. 290)
    6th:  Walker, A. (2019, November 14). Germany avoids recession but growth remains weak. Retrieved from https://www.bbc.com/news/business-50419127.
    7th:   Walker, A. (2019, November 14). Germany avoids recession but growth remains weak. BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/business-50419127
     
  • List a DOI as a URL; the label “DOI” is no longer necessary (Sec. 9.35, pp. 299-300)
    6th:  doi: 10.1080/02626667.2018.1560449
    7th:   https://doi.org/10.1080/02626667.2018.1560449
     
  • Formatting for eBooks - the platform, format, or device (e.g. Kindle) is no longer included in the reference; the publisher is included (Sec. 10.2, p. 321)
    6th:  Brück, M. (2009). Women in early British and Irish astronomy: Stars and satellites [Kindle version]. https:/doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2473-2
    7th:  Brück, M. (2009). Women in early British and Irish astronomy: Stars and satellites. Springer Nature. https:/doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2473-2
     

Inclusive and Bias-free Language

  • Singular "they" or "their" should be used instead of gender-specific pronouns
    6th:  Each examiner submitted his or her assessment.
    7th:  Each examiner submitted their assessment.

  • Use descriptive phrases instead of using adjectives as nouns to label groups of people
    6th:  the poor
    7th: people living in poverty
     
  • Be specific instead of using broad categories
    6th:  over-65s or the elderly
    7th:  people aged 65-75

    6th:  Asian participants
    7th:  Vietnamese, Cambodian, and Thai participants

 

Sources: Scribbr: APA Manual 7th Edition: The Most Notable Changes; APA Style Guide

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