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ChatGPT Resources for Faculty

What is ChatGPT?

In November 2022, Open AI released ChatGPT (Chat Generative Pre-Trained Transformer), a free generative artificial intelligence (AI) chatbot. Generative AI tools like ChatGPT, Quillbot, and DALL-E 2 use machine learning models to produce new content like text or images in response to a prompt or instructions.

Can I trust citations from ChatGPT?

While citations generated by ChatGPT may look convincing, they are in essence made up on the spot.

  • ChatGPT does not have the ability to read academic papers or access subscription databases of citations
  • ChatGPT is a language modeling AI that predicts the most likely words to come next in a sequence.  That means it will generate citations, upon request, based on it's model of what those citations are likely to look like. 
  • The citations generated by ChatGPT are a product of its language model and the patterns it has learned from analyzing text. 
  • These citations should not be used for actual research or academic purposes as they are not based on any actual academic work or research

What can I do to encourage academic integrity?

  • Reduce students’ assessment anxiety, which can contribute to the likelihood of academic integrity violations, by incorporating low-stakes assessments.
  • Scaffold research assignments which allow students to receive regular feedback and improve their work over time.
  • Schedule Noel Studio workshops and/or library instruction to help students feel more confident in their writing and research projects.
  • Develop assignments that cannot successfully be completed using AI tools. This might involve having students complete part or all of the assignment during class or designing assignments that include tasks that are outside of ChatGPT’s current capabilities. Examples might include assignments that require students to draw from recent events or class discussions or assignments that incorporate research and citations which you can then check.
  • Require students to submit PDFs of any sources cited. 
  • Decrease the motivation to commit academic integrity violations by building students’ intrinsic motivation to engage in coursework fully. Some strategies for building intrinsic motivation include emphasizing the relevance of learning tasks, creating authentic assessments, and giving students choices about how to express their learning (e.g. allowing students to select a topic or determine what type of learning artifact to create) (Lang, 2013).
  • Clearly communicate whether and how generative AI tools can be used in syllabi. For examples, see this list of sample policy statements that address AI use and their sources.

What can ChatGPT and other generative AI tools do?

  • Respond to prompts and questions 
  • Summarize and synthesize information
  • Revise and edit content
  • Generate creative works like musical compositions, stories, jokes, and poems
  • Write and correct code
  • Manipulate data
  • Play games

What are some opportunities for using tools like ChatGPT in my teaching?

  • Generate responses to common student questions or emails.
  • Create test questions or test question answer options.
  • Draft lesson plans or assignment instructions.
  • Generate feedback comments to create a comment bank for assignments.
  • Create examples or samples for students to compare their own work to or analyze.
  • Walk students through how to use ChatGPT like a sophisticated version of Grammarly to revise and edit their writing.
  • Demonstrate how to use ChatGPT as a basic tutoring tool to help students get explanations for confusing concepts.
  • Use ChatGPT to give students’ real-time feedback on their writing in language learning classes.

ChatGPT and Teaching Resources

This guide was adapted from The University of Pittsburgh University Center for Teaching and Learning ChatGPT Resources for Faculty